Abuse has long lasting effects on the people that have dealt with it during their childhood. As explained by the Child Family Community Australia, child abuse and neglect refers to any behavior by parents, caregivers, other adults, or other adolescents that is outside the norms of conduct – entailing a substantial risk of causing physical or emotional harm to a child or young person (CFCA). There are different types of child abuse: physical abuse, emotional maltreatment, neglect, sexual abuse, and witnessing family violence. The impact made on victims of child abuse is clear in even the later stages of their lives. Transferral of abuse throughout generations, re-victimization, physical health problems, mental health problems, along with tendencies are all indicators that the person may have gone through abuse as a child. The impact child abuse has on a person may very well last throughout the duration of their lives. ` An individual who has gone through experiences of child abuse may transfer their childhood into a repetitive cycle, through which they administer the same trauma to their own children/significant other. Adults who suffered through abuse or neglect are more likely to administer the same abuse onto their own children (CFCA). Because they grew up in a home where mistreatment was considered the norm, victims of child abuse may repeat these same techniques later in their own home. Victims of child abuse and neglect are also more likely to commit crimes during their juvenile and adult years (Blue Knot Foundation), portraying the abuse they felt from when they were younger. Mishandling of a child may have a lasting impact on the individual, such as displaying the same characteristics of abuse towards others. The individuals that suffered from child abuse will most likely continue to live with the inner issue of re-victimization. This is the idea of adults having a more likely chance of having a low self esteem and sense of self, causing them to agree with the learnt behavior that violence is normal and should be accepted. Affectionate physical contact may increase the brain’s ability to construct a sense of bodily ownership and, in turn, play a part in creating and sustaining a healthy sense of self. One of the many reasons of re-victimization is because individuals that went through child abuse did not experience these types of interactions in a normal and loving way, and so it is harder for them to respect themselves. As worded on an article from the Blue Knot Foundation, ‘ Child abuse violated the trust at the core of a child’s relationship with the world.’ This signifies that the home of the children is corrupted, causing them to distrust the rest of the world as well. Aspects of a victim’s life (such as relationships, work, etc..) may be significantly damaged as they allow others to treat them with disrespect/abuse because such things were shown to them while growing up. Survivors often experience conflictual relationships and chaotic lifestyles – frequently reporting difficulties forming adult intimate attachment and displaying behaviors that threaten/disrupt close relationships (Blue knot foundation). Because the adults that had a childhood full of abuse were never taught the fundamental skills of how to deal with anger/outside pressures, they in turn cannot handle the everyday issues of life. This in turn prevents these survivors from establishing predictability and consistency throughout their own lives. Overall, the unstable morality throughout the childhood of an abused person causes them to continue to allow abuse in their lives throughout the remainder of their lives – reinstating themselves as victims for a long period of time. Issues pertaining to mental health arise throughout a child abuse survivor’s life as an impact from the misconduct. Mental Health Problems associated with past histories of child abuse and neglect include personality disorders, post traumatic stress disorder, dissociative disorders, depressions, anxiety disorders, and psychosis (CFCA). In an American representative study based on the National co-morbidity survey, adults who had experienced child abuse were two and a half times more likely to have major depression and six times more likely to have post traumatic stress disorder in comparison to adults who had not experience child abuse (CFCA). The prolonged stress throughout their childhood may cause unhealthy coping mechanisms, which in turn can lead to disorders and a depressive state of mind. Toxic stress within a child’s life can alter the development towards which the individual may respond to stress, which may in turn boost the emotional arousal to threat and makes it more difficult to shut off the extreme feelings they deal with (CDC Stacks). Even just the memories, or repressed memories being discovered, of childhood abuse can send a person into a depressive and disorderly state. The effects of child abuse impacts an individual’s mental health throughout the remainder of their lives. Physical problems may arise from the events of child abuse throughout a victim’s entire life (Blue Knot Foundation). The abuse may have direct physical repercussions, such as parents hitting or harming their children and leaving injuries. There is also long term physical issues that go hand in hand with child abuse and neglect. The high levels of stress within a child who may be going through abuse can actually physically affect them, deteriorating their health in many ways throughout the rest of their lives. A high level of stress hormones, such as cortisol, can suppress the body’s immune response. This can leave an individual vulnerable to a variety of infections and health problems(CDC Stacks). Adults with a history of child abuse and neglect are more likely than the general population to experience physical health problems including diabetes, gastrointestinal problems, arthritis, etc…(CFCA). Mental health may be a large factor when it comes to the physical health of a person who went through abuse – as poor mental health can directly impact the overall health of an individual and cause them to feel sickly and tiresome. Overall, the poor care of a human during their childhood in regards to child abuse can impact their physical condition spanning over many more years. Individuals who have gone through a childhood of abuse and neglect have higher suicidal tendencies. This is an extreme outcome of the mental downfall of a person that must deal with the childhood they had in which they were abused. In the Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) study, it was indicated that adults exposed to abusive situations in their childhood were 12 times more likely to have attempted suicide than those who had no experiences of abuse (CFCA). Experiencing these acts of abuse increased the risk of attempted suicide of a person two to five times (CDC Stacks). This portrays the severity of child abuse, showing the sense of loss a person may feel – to the point of no longer wishing to be alive. Roughly 54 percent of cases of depression and 58 percent of suicide attempts were connected to abusive childhood experiences (Child Welfare Information Gateway). The fact that over 50 percent of all suicide attempts are related to child abuse really shows the direct negative effects this type of upbringing has on a person. The feeling of not being safe in one’s own home creates an eternal feeling of uneasiness that is hard to conquer even after they have left or been removed from the situation. Child abuse can directly impact a person’s willingness to ponder suicide, and in turn create a suicidal tendency stemming from such abuse. In a nutshell, child abuse has an everlasting effect on a person that creates a life in which a sense of normalcy is hard to obtain. Whether it be physical abuse, mental abuse, neglect, etc… the overall impact of a toxic home during a person’s upbringing can seriously deter the person’s overall health and wellbeing. Child abuse is a serious issue and it is imperative to work through any lasting impacts before it creates a life of uneasiness for the person.