Disadvantage: birth control does not protect against any type

Disadvantage: Because sex has
already occurred, this form of birth control does not protect against any type
of STI.

            Side effects of Plan B
include:

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                        Headache       

                        Abdominal pain

                        Nausea and vomiting

                        Abnormal bleeding

Effectiveness: If taken within
the first 72 hours after intercourse, it can be up to 85% effective at
preventing pregnancy. 

Contraindication: No significant
contraindication aside from noted side effects above.  This form of birth control should only be
used in emergency situation and not as a form of ongoing birth control (Prior,
2017).

 

a)     
Contraceptive Patch

Advantage: Easy to use as it is a
patch easily applied to certain areas of the body. Reversible form of
contraception.

Disadvantage: side effects can
include: spotting, breast tenderness, headache, nausea, skin irritation at site
where patch is applied (Prior, 2017).

Effectiveness: the patch has a 9
% failure rate when used correctly and therefore is 91% effective (Center for
Disease and Control, 2017).

Contraindication: Those at high risk
for the development of blood clots should not use.  As with any other hormonal birth control the
patch will increase one’s risk of developing clots. (Prior, 2017)

 

b)    
Nuvaring

Advantage: Completely controlled by
women.  One insertion provides pregnancy prevention
protection for 3 weeks. Reversible
form of contraception.

Disadvantage: can cause vaginal
irritation in addition to headaches.  If
ring comes out for more than 3 hours another form of birth control must be used
until the ring has been back in for a minimum of 7 days (Prior, 2017).

Effectiveness: the ring has a 9
% failure rate when used correctly and therefore has a 91% effective rate (Center
for Disease and Control, 2017).

Contraindication: Because this form of birth control is also hormonal,
contraindications are the same as the progestin/estrogen form of oral
contraceptive (Prior, 2017).

 

 

c)     
Depo-Provera

Advantage: One injection provides
pregnancy prevention protection for 3 months. 
Reversible form of contraception.

Disadvantage: menstrual cycle
can vary from irregular to amenorrhea.  It
can also cause a loss in bone density. Additional side effects as similar to
hormonal contraceptive includes: headaches, fatigue, bloating, breast discomfort,
decrease sex drive, and weight gain.  Can
take up to 4-18 months for fertility to return after stopping.  Does not protect against SDIs.  Is not immediately effective right afterward
(Prior, 2017).

Effectiveness: there is a 6%
failure rate and therefore 94% effective (Center for Disease and Control,
2017).

Contraindication: Should not be used
in women with breast cancer (Prior, 2017).

 

d)    
Nexplanon

Advantage: Highly effective and
provides birth control up to 3 years. 
Once removed, this form of birth control will not affect one’s ability
to have children in the future.

Disadvantage: Rod must be placed at
the doctor’s office.  Side effects of
this form of birth control includes irregular menstrual cycle and bleeding
(Prior, 2017).

Effectiveness: This method has a
0.05% failure rate and therefore over 99% effective (Center for Disease and
Control, 2017)

Contraindication: not recommended
for women with a liver disease, unknown vaginal bleeding, those with a history
of blood clots, women who may be pregnant, those with breast cancer, or with a
cardiac disorder (Brady & Chelmow, 2016).

 

e)     
IUDs:

–         
Skyla

–         
Liletta

–         
Mirena

–         
Kyleena

–         
Paragard (Copper T)

 

Advantage: Highly effective form of
birth control.  Once in place there is
little that needs to be done management wise (Center for Disease and Control,
2017). More effective form of birth control than the patch, pill, or ring in
adolescent.  Can be used in breastfeeding
women (Hardeman & Weiss, 2014).

 

Disadvantage: Side effects includes:
headaches, breast pain, depression, decrease sex drive, depression, absent of
menstrual cycle, and development of ovarian cyst. (Hardeman et al., 2014).

 

Effectiveness: IUDs has an over 99%
effective (Center for Disease and Control, 2017)

 

Contraindication: IUDs are not
recommended to be used in women with
the following history or diagnose: cancer, lupus, HIV, or with an organ
transplant. (Hardeman et al, 2014).

 

Most IUD function in the
same manner and only vary based on the dosage of hormone delivered in a 24hr
time frame (Hardeman et al, 2014). One significant difference is with the cooper
IUD (paragard) which has no hormone. The cooper on the cooper IUD works by
producing an unhealthy environment for the egg and sperm thus preventing
pregnancy (Mayo Clinic, 2018). 

 

f)      
Essure

Advantage: Highly effective form of contraceptive and requires no
management after the insertion (Office of Women’s Health, 2017).

Disadvantage: pelvic pain, device perforation and movement out of place, and
vaginal bleeding. This is not a
reversible form of birth control (U.S. Food & Drug
Administration, 2017)

Effectiveness: Over 99% effective (Office of Women’s Health, 2017).

Contraindication: because this is a permanent form of birth control, it is not
intended for those who may still want children.

 

g)     
Tubal Ligation

Advantage: Highly effective and may
be reversible (Prior, 2017). 

Disadvantage: Does not protect
against STDs (Prior, 2017). Is a type of surgery and therefore comes with the
risk of having surgery such as pain and bleeding post op (Office of Women’s
Health, 2017).

Effectiveness: There is a 0.5 %
failure rate for this method and therefore over 99% effective (Center for
Disease and Control, 2017).

Contraindication: because this is a
pretty permanent form of birth control, it is not intended for those who may
still want children.