For it for the food; man eats the meals,

For
centuries, man has seen woman as a helping agent, domesticated and fragile. In
the early times, a woman is tasked to do the household chores; baking bread,
sweeping the floors, and taking care of the babies and little children. The
woman’s only place of expertise is the house, as Filipino traits of Machismo
deprives the Filipino women as early tradition prohibited her to have a formal
education while men are obliged to go to school to build their skills to
support their family in the future. A woman’s goal is to be able to give birth
to children, to be a faithful wife to her husband, and to raise her children in
an environment in which they complement with the lifestyle that they have during
their time. If the child is a boy, he will be sent off to school, but if she
had a daughter, the mother will raise her like how she was during her time:
dusting the furniture, making beds, and cooking dad’s favourite meal. The males
dominated the household, and this has been the case in many countries,
including the Philippines.

Back
in the 1970’s, Filipino women are treated differently from how they are treated
now. Filipino men are privileged to go out and do what they want: study, work,
among other things. Women are only to be found in their respective homes, with
a broom on one hand and a crying baby on the other. Comparing their freedoms,
man has indeed more than the woman.

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Man earns the money, woman spends it for the
food; man eats the meals, woman cleans up. Man gives shelter, woman maintains
it; man rests, woman does the laundry. Man
gives sperm, woman gives birth; child takes man’s name, but a woman will raise
him to be an effective citizen of the world.The
women, although domesticated, are not weak and fragile it is just society do
not give them a chance to shine on their own. Years after, women are taught to
in schools, learning more than just how to properly sweep into the dust pan or
learning how to cook the best kare-kare in the barangay. Mothers
are now also working alongside, if not alone, with their husbands. Some become
lawyers, doctors, teachers, office staff, and surprisingly not surprising,
overseas domestic workers. We have reached an age where woman is being
empowered, but there are still many cases wherein poverty overpowers the will,
and forces the soft at heart to make hard sacrifices for the family’s
well-being.

The
Filipinos, being colonized by the Spaniards for three hundred and thirty-three
(333) years, the Americans formally for forty-seven (47) years, and the
Japanese for three (3) years, a sense of post-colonialism instills in the minds
of the people. For a fair number of them, life outside the Philippines is much
better than their own country. Driven by this and the lack of resources
available in their families, one or both parents are forced to go outside the
nation’s borders for their families to have something to eat for dinner. But
cases like these are not always fun and games.

A
lot of parents work abroad because they are not able to make a living inside
their own country, hence the lack of resources. It may be that one or both
parents are not educationally-prepared, with many contributing factors, a big
percentage of it being poverty. On 2015 alone, it was recorded that 21.6% of
the county’s population are stated as “poor” (Philippine Statistics Authority).
This has led them to only a limited number of jobs, with low-paying salaries
and a back-breaking job description.

Poverty
plus the colonial mentality equals Filipinos leaving the country in hopes for
their families to have a better future, even if the job requires their full
physical force. And what better way to earn money than send in the most
diligent and hardworking member of the family to serve in another, wealthier
and busy family? This is where the Overseas Filipino Workers (OFW),
specifically the domestic workers, comes in. According
to the Philippine labour statistics, the trend of Filipinos who work as
domestic helpers became a more female-dominated one (Rosales, 1999).

The
number of Overseas
Filipino Workers (OFWs) who worked abroad at period of 2015 was estimated at 2.4 million. The proportion of female OFWs
(51.1%) was higher than male OFWs (48.9%). Among occupation groups, laborers
and unskilled workers (33.2%) was the biggest group of OFWs.  One in every
three OFWs was a laborer or unskilled worker. About 17.6 percent worked as
service workers and shop and market sales workers. OFWs who worked as plant and
machine operators and assemblers comprised 12.8 percent, and trades and related
workers, 11.8 percent. More than half of the female OFWs were laborers and
unskilled workers (54.5%). Among male OFWs, the largest group were plant and
machine operators and assemblers (23.2%) and trades and related workers
(23.0%).

The number of
Overseas Filipino Workers (OFWs) who worked abroad at period  of 2016 was estimated at 2.2 million. The
proportion of female OFWs (54%) was higher than male OFWs (46%). Among
the OFWs, those working in Elementary Occupations; consist of simple and routine tasks which mainly require the use of
hand-held tools and often some physical effort. (34.5%) comprised the
largest group followed by those who worked as service and sales workers
(19.0%), plant and machine operators and assemblers (12.8%), and craft and
related trades workers (11.6%).
More
than half of the female OFWs were in elementary occupations (56.2%). The
largest group of the male OFWs worked as plant and machine operators and
assemblers (24.7%).

In the country like the Philippines, it is new for the Filipino people, especially for the
Filipino women to work for their family and to provide their needs. Usually
Filipino men are the providers and women are in charge on their houses to do
the household chores and to take care of their children. However, when the
opportunity opens to the Filipino women to work inside and outside the country
they grab the opportunity on the demand for women workers.According to Guerrero, et al. (2000), women domestic workers come from developing countries. Most
of them are unmarried and young while only few are married who took risk to
work abroad and leave their families in the country. Aside from the
availability for female jobs worldwide one of the contributing factors on why
women workers rate increases is poverty. Sayres (2007) asserts that women are
more reliable in sending remittances to the families left behind than men based
on the conducted studies.     Based on
the article by Maymon
(2017) women usually work as nannies, nurses, maids and even sex workers abroad
not because they want to but their life situation pressures them to do
something for their family when men members are in trouble in looking for jobs
to support their needs. Another reason for hiring women over men on jobs
especially in manufacturing industries is the belief of women are obedient,
industrious and submissive in nature especially Filipino women considering the history of
Filipino culture whereas women only stayed at home and cannot decide for
important family matters for Filipino families are commonly patriarchal.According to the “un” sex disaggregated statistics from the Commission
on Filipinos Overseas indicates that from the year 1989-2009, there were around 372,718 Filipino
spouses and partners of foreign nationals. Mostly, of them were Female
Filipinos that migrated to the other countries. It is very rare for Filipino
men to marry a foreigner because many of women were open to learn a new language,
in different places, and accepting to an unfamiliar culture and tradition.
Filipinas are more willing to work abroad and earn a lot, so that, they have
money to send for their family in the Philippines. There at times they fall in
love and get married to their employers, or to other nationality and ended up
staying there. The majority has settled in the USA (41.55%), Japan (29.04%),
Australia, Canada, Germany, Taiwan, the United Kingdom, So, Korea, Norway,
Sweden and others.

The
world drifts its favor from men to women. Today, female domestication became
more prevalent worldwide. When the opportunity opens for the feminization of
domestic workers Filipino women respond to its demand due to the unending poverty and contractualization cases in the Philippines.
Even though it is hard for them to leave their own family to work for another
families Filipino women endure their homesickness for the sake of their
family’s future.