Helping like India and Japan that suffer from not

                                   

 

 

 

 

 

Helping the Environment: Plant
Growth

Maiher Bhasin

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Heritage Oak Private Education

Life Science, Period 3

Mrs. Shaw

January 7, 2017

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Abstract

            The world’s population of 7 billion
people is too many for farmers to grow crops for. This problem has been in
effect for a long time and scientists are figuring out new ways to grow plants
efficiently. Doing this will grow enough food for all the people in the world
and reduce the carbon dioxide levels in the atmosphere. One of the many ways
that we can grow plants efficiently is hydroponics. Hydroponics is growing
plants without the use of soil, and this allows plants to grow without any
land. Another example is growing plants under LED lights. LED’s are proven to
be the most efficient way to grow plants in terms of speed. One more example is
growing plants with genetics. Scientists who grow plants using genetics find
different types of genes inside of the plants and “activate” them. This makes
the plant grow fast. Scientists want to get rid of carbon dioxide in the air
and to get more food for the world.

 

                                                                                   

Hydroponics

            100 years ago, a student named
William Frederick Gericke popularized the idea that plants could be grown in a
solution of nutrients and water instead of soil. He grew 25 foot high tomato
vines using only water and nutrients and called this method hydroponics. (Epic
Gardening, 2011) Hydroponics is a system used for growing plants without soil
and substituting it for water. There are good things that come out of
hydroponics such as: increased productivity and Eco – Friendliness. Hydroponics
increase productivity because layers of plants can be grown in the same place.
Hydroponics is Eco Friendly because it conserves water. (Big Picture Education,
2016) Scientists and growers put nutrients inside the water being used to grow
the plant. Now that hydroponics is possible, people can grow many plants in the
same space. Countries like India and Japan that suffer from not enough farm
land may benefit from this technology

 

Light
Emitting Diodes (LED’s)

            LED’s
are light bulbs that shine very brightly and are power efficient. People use
LED’s mostly for light bulbs but scientists have experimented with them and
have used them to grow plants. LED’s developed by General Electric were
designed to produce the best wavelength of light that plants need. An
experiment conducted by Shigeharu Shimamura using those same bulbs resulted in
accelerating plant growth by 250%. LED’s also cut product waste by 50%,
productivity has increased a lot more, and water usage has been cut to just one
percent. (Taratola, 2014) LED’s are one of the best methods for plant growth
because it is proven that the wavelength of LED’s are more efficient than those
of the sun. They are also more efficient because unlike the sun they are always
on. Farmers that controls LED’s don’t have to worry about bad weather such as
rain and they don’t have to worry about not getting enough light because they
control their light source now.

 

Genetics

            Scientists have recently discovered
that they can change plants using genetics. At the university of Warwick,
students discovered plants of natural ability to regulate their growth
independently. Inside of a plant they were studying they found a modifier
protein called SUMO. By modifying the interaction between the modifier protein
and repressor proteins, they can let the plant go free, and make it grow faster
and higher. If farmers keep the crops growing and are faced by tough
conditions, it could give them more sustainable crops. Dr. Ari Sanandom said
SUMO could be important in crop production. (Durham University, 2014) Another
research group identified plant – growth gene called Purple Acid Phosphate 2,
AKA AtPAP2. This growth gene modulates the import of a number of specific
proteins. The researchers made the gene active on the chloroplast and the
mitochondria, which boosts their capability to harvest energy. (University of
Hong Kong, 2016) Farmers would be the ones to use this technology. Although
they may not have more space, they can use the technology to make the plants
bigger on the space that they have.

 

Conclusion

            All of these methods are very useful
in meeting their goal of reducing carbon dioxide in the air and not having
enough food for the population. If these methods keep on going in the future,
the Earth will be great again.

 

 

                                                                        References

Andrew
Taratola. (2014). The World’s Largest LED
Hydroponic Farm Used to Be a Sony                         Factory. Retrieved January 6, 2017 from

https://gizmodo.com/the-worlds-largest-led-hydroponic-farm-used-to-be-a-son-1603082545     

Big
Picture Education. (2016). Hydroponics
and the future of farming. Retrieved January 6, 2017            from https://bigpictureeducation.com/hydroponics-and-future-farming

College
of Agriculture and Life Sciences. (2017). History
of Hydroponics. Retrieved January 6,   2017
from https://cals.arizona.edu/hydroponictomatoes/history.htm

Durham
University. (2014). New discovery can
stimulate plant growth and increase crop yields, researchers say. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from             https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2014/01/140113125146.htm

Epic
Gardening. (2011). History of
Hydroponics. Retrieved January 6, 2017 from                                       https://www.epicgardening.com/history-of-hydroponics/

Konica
Minolta. (2016). Can colored lights
affect how plants grow? Retrieved January 6, 2017    from https://sensing.konicaminolta.us/blog/can-colored-lights-affect-how-plants-grow/

University
of Hong Kong. (2016). Team discovers a new plant growth technology that may          alleviate
climate change and food shortage. Retrieved January 6, 2017, from            https://phys.org/news/2016-01-team-growth-technology-alleviate-climate.html