Introduction is also a problem that not only leaves

Introduction

Waste
in Canada has been a pressing issue since the global population started to
expand at alarming rates and with that. Our consumption and waste net wroth
also increased, leaving us with the issue of where to discard it. Most options
have led to disastrous results to our naturally occuring ecosystems like sewage
leaks into the ocean, fish dying, incineration. Food waste in Canada is also a
problem that not only leaves millions starving to death but also affects the
amount of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere. This essay will agree that
diverting food waste to charitable food programs will not address food
insecurity in Canada given that it doesn’t address the underlying issue, unable
to meet long term needs and the lack of policy interventions.

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Discussion

Diverting
food waste to charitable food programs will not address food insecurity in
Canada given that it doesn’t address the underlying issue which is low
financial income. Societal factors like income can affect a person’s food
intake and over all health. In conjunction with the materialist concept of
health, individuals need to feel inter-connectedness to one’s family/ friends
and being in control to do things that are important or have meaning in order
to reduce risk of health issues’ (Raphael, D. 2016). Food insecure individuals
do not have this kind of control or freedom over their leisure spending habits.
If health insecurity continues to prevail without justice being done to the
lower class, then there will continue to be impoverished people living without
proper nutritional food. The Neo-materialist approach also supports this idea that
the effect of income inequality on health reflects a combination of negative
exposures and lack of resources like food by individuals, along with a reduced lifestyle
of living in the ranges human, physical, health, and social infrastructure (Raphael,
D. (2016). This approach prompts the wealthy and social power to promote labour
and health-supporting public policies associated with welfare state.). The
alternative of food banks will not solve this problem because unless the first primary
needs like financial support are met, food insecurity will not easily be solved.

Food
banks cannot support or address the issues of food insecurity because its
unable to meet the long term needs of food waste in Canada. Food banks even
lack the capacity to meet short term needs. Their daily operations rely on
donations and volunteer service, so they are limited to give out what they are
given. It is routine for food banks to report having to cut back on the amount
of food they distribute because demand exceeds supply. The help food banks
provide is not nearly enough to provide a house hold with the security to
provide for their basic needs (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017). They and other
charitable food programs are heavily dependent on volunteer labour; volunteers
are responsible for receiving, sorting, parcelling, storing and distributing
food. Furthermore, most food banks operate only one to two days a week, and
many are reliant on donated space (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017).   Most
are operating at full capacity to provide as much safe food as they can to
their clients. In order to provide more food, they would have to hire
volunteers that have experts in handling food safely due to an increased
amount. Directing more surplus food towards food banks will put further burden
on an already delicate system. Charitable food assistance
programs also add to the costs of waste by disposing of unused food that could
not be distributed. Increasing the volume of surplus food donations that are
exempt from the usual food safety standards will increase the burden on
voluntary organizations to manage this food. It will heighten the need for
well-trained volunteers to separate edible from inedible food; increase the
volume of food waste that these agencies must dispose of; and possibly pose an
increased food safety risk to food bank users (Dachner,
Tarasuk, 2017).  So, therefore, food
banks would need to increase their number of volunteers to deal with n increase
in donations without risk to the volunteers and receivers.

The
behavioural life style of those affected by food insecurity is not a surprising
one. Nearly 13% of Canadians experience food insecurity — insecure or
inadequate access to food due to financial constraints.  Most of those 600,000 individuals do not access
these available food banks. 75% food insecure Canadians do not use food banks
and those that do are not deemed food insecure. (Dachner, Tarasuk,
2017). The evidence from this is clear: The reduction of food
insecurity requires policy interventions that will improve the financial circumstances
of very-low-income households (Dachner, Tarasuk, 2017). The national ‘Food
Waste Reduction Strategy’ believes that promoting edible food waste to food
organization can effectively solve problems of hunger and food Insecurity.
There is no evidence that food waste would necessarily be reduced by donated
unusable products to food banks. American corporations have been
receiving tax credits for donating wastes to charities since the 1970s, with
little or no evidence of any meaningful impact on either food insecurity or
food waste. An estimated 32 million tonnes of food are wasted each year in the
US, but donations to Feeding America (the national food bank network) diverted
only 3.7 percent of this food to charitable programs in 2014. (Dachner,
Tarasuk, 2017). Despite extensive investments in public and charitable food assistance
programs, food insecurity in the US is more than double that in Canada. As is
seen in America, the incentive of tax credits and donations to food banks did
little to reduce the food waste in that country.

Conclusion

In
conclusion, diverting food waste to charitable food programs cannot merely fix
the issue of food insecurity in Canada. Unequal distribution of money, the inability
to support long term use and lack of policy making will make it nearly impossible
to have food banks as the solution to this problem, the Income is the main issue
that should be addressed to reduce food waste and insecurity; Articles called food
waste security support this theory.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Works Cited

Raphael,
D. (2016). Health and illness. Winnipeg: Fernwood.

Tarasuk,
V., Dachner, N. (2017). Food Waste and Food Insecurity in Canada. Policy Options