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What is the role of Gothic elements in the novel Jane Eyre?

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Gothic literature includes elements such as supernatural events, dreams, suspense and dark settings. The novel Jane Eyre includes these and even more to create a depressing yet inspiring tone throughout the book. Gothic elements often help to create suspense or amplify a certain emotion which can indicate the significance of certain events or emotions to the reader. Gothic imagery can also be used to create an idea in the readers mind of a specific setting.
The Red Room was introduced to the reader as a remote, silent chamber that was rarely visited. It was also where Jane’s uncle, Mr. Reed had passed away “Mr. Reed had been dead nine years: it was in this chamber he breathed his last; here he lay in state;”. Death, which is Gothic Imagery is used to create a setting where the reader knows the dark history of the room, which is then supported by Jane imagining that the ghost of Mr. Reed haunts the room. Other details given by Jane about the room such as a red colouring of walls and curtains indicating blood, distorting mirrors and the faint voices she hears combined with the other Gothic elements help the reader to create a horrifying image of the room in their mind. Being locked up in the Red Room was a very traumatic experience for Jane, and the event noticeably affected Jane’s personality even long after the event. It was also where Jane experiences her first supernatural experience. Jane also goes through another traumatic, and what she thinks was a supernatural experience when Bertha Mason comes to Jane’s room to remove the veil from the gaunt head. ” I was aware her lurid visage flamed over mine, and I lost consciousness: for the second time in my life—only the second time—I became insensible from terror.” Jane connects the Red Room experience with Bertha Mason ripping her veil by explaining that those were the two most terrifying experiences in her life. Towards the end of the book, Jane goes through another supernatural event when she hears Mr. Rochester calling for her inside her head which illustrates that Jane is, and has been somehow connected to the supernatural since her childhood.
Romance, also a popular gothic element is largely present in Jane Eyre. Jane was treated unjustly in Gateshead and was shown only little love, if at all. Throughout the book Jane is searching for someone who will love her, and someone she can love. Jane meets Mr. Rochester who is the first person Jane feels romantic love towards. However, it is foreshadowed that the marriage will not work out as the chestnut tree, under which Mr. Rochester proposed to Jane was struck by lightning. This can interpreted as nature predicting the fate of humans, which is a gothic symbol. When Jane revisits Mr. Rochester to marry him, Jane finds out he has severe injuries which resulted in him losing an arm and his vision while trying to save Bertha Mason from a fire in Thornfield. With actions, Mr. Rochester redeemed himself in Jane’s eyes to become the hero of the story as it was a noble and selfless act. With the help gothic elements such as suffering and turmoil this can be interpreted as an allegory illustrate how much Mr. Rochester has suffered without Jane and how he redeemed himself to become the hero of the novel.
Gothic elements were used to amplify the, often unpleasantness and dreadfulness of the settings. “The garden was a wide inclosure, surrounded with walls so high as to exclude every glimpse of prospect;…” Here a metaphor is being used to amplify discomforting the walls were, which made Lowood look more of a prison, rather than a school. In the description of weather Gothic Elements were used to illustrate the bad weather in the readers mind. “Afar, it offered
a pale blank of mist and cloud; near a scene of wet lawn and storm-beat shrub, with ceaseless rain sweeping away wildly before a long and lamentable blast.” In this extract, Jane in describing the weather in Gateshead with words like ‘mist’ and ‘ceaseless rain’ which relates to the basic gothic element of  a gloomy and decaying setting.