Technology began much before that. He defined Artificial Intelligence

Technology has changed the way humans perform basic tasks and the
introduction of artificial intelligence helps to perform these tasks and
functions with or without human intervention by automation as artificial
intelligence, which could be an intelligent machine or a computer program,
tends to act like humans. The term “artificial intelligence” was first used by
John McCarthy in 1956 when he held the first academic conference on the subject
of technology but the journey to understand if machines can truly think began
much before that. He defined Artificial Intelligence as “The science and
engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer
programs”. These machines are programmed with the abilities to learn, gain
knowledge and make decisions by identifying patterns which can be supervised or
unsupervised, reasoning and problem solving, abilities to manipulate and move
objects etc. Artificial intelligence excels at frequent high-volume tasks which
human beings tend to spend a lot of time on and are capable of far more complex
applications, like grading essays and diagnosing diseases. Artificial
intelligence can be used in any sector of the world; in education for
automating grading, in law for sifting through vast documents, makes
manufacturing easy by integrating robots into workflow, applications such as
Turbo tax gives financial advice and in health for diagnosing diseases. Robots
often use data with thousands or even millions of examples, each of which has
been programmed with the right answer. The system can then be programmed with
an algorithm to look at new scenarios. If everything goes well, the machine
will be able to predict right answers with a high rate of precision. Machines, however
can’t compete with humans in hands-on situations like creativity and invention.
This is where humans beat artificial intelligence. Machines only follow the
algorithm programmed by humans. They can’t alter or delete any of these codes.
Humans, therefore, in the future must be more creative as there have been talks
of humans losing jobs to machines in the future over the years. Machines are
here to stay humans must embrace them, work with them and find ways to create
jobs and inventions around them. Computer programmers use a system called deep
learning to give artificial intelligence these capabilities. This kind of
learning is usually unsupervised and the data to be learned is somewhat
unstructured and unlabeled. The power for robots to think is an essential part
of artificial intelligence and has always been a major focus of AI research. The
20th century has been an “age of data” where information has been
gained in huge sums with the application of artificial intelligence. Some
experts even believe that that Moore’s law is slowing down to some extent but
the increase in technology has certainly not lost any momentum. In the
immediate future, artificial intelligence is looking like the next big thing
even currently, with regards to developments in biometrics, medical
instruments, social media, inventions in driverless cars and even electric
cars. The main role of artificial intelligence over the years is to search
complex human tasks and to create an algorithm to easily perform that
particular task.

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Artificial intelligence
plays an important role in the lives of humans now more than ever due to
developments in technology. Humans, in this century, tend to depend on machines
for every task than depending on our knowledge and understanding of how these
basic tasks work. Many of the technologies we use today have roots in the field
of artificial intelligence like Google search engine and most importantly, Global
Positioning System (GPS), Natural Language Programming (NLP) and Speech
Interpretation Applications. Machine technology are used any sector of the
world; Education, Cyber-security, Manufacturing, Health, Finance, Entertainment,
Social media, Sales etc. It’s important to understand how applications in
artificial intelligence are used today so we can better prepare for how they
are already changing our world. Many experts claim artificial intelligence will
wipe out employment for humans in the near future due to job automation but the
role of artificial intelligence ranges from helping humans to perform basic
tasks and functions to helping us with complex and advanced computations.
AI
accomplishments that seem amazing are still the work of humans. Why then, the
god-like treatment of AI? In other words, machines are slaves to humans not the
other way around. Machines should not necessarily be viewed as a replacement
for humans because even though they are intuitive and self-driven, they still
require some degree of human intervention in order for them to continue to meet
the needs and challenges of today’s organizations and the society at large.

 Artificial intelligence is programmed with intricate
algorithms that predict what we might like by identifying patterns in choices
made by millions of other people similar to ourselves; this is referred to as
machine learning. Many people are familiar with machine learning from shopping on
the internet and seeing ads related to their purchase. This happens because
recommendation engines use machine learning to personalize online ad delivery
in almost real time. This form of machine learning can also be seen in
cyber-security with spam- filtering of emails and fraud detection. Due to the
rate of technology is developing, innovation will progress exponentially.
Artificial intelligence will definitely go beyond self-driving cars, aircraft,
Global Positioning System (GPS) and Speech Interpretation Applications. Many organizations
use artificial intelligence to elevate the nature of business and most of them
have been very successful due to the implementation and introduction of artificial
intelligence into the core of the business. Artificial intelligence also plays
a role in entrepreneurship, creating jobs for young entrepreneurs in the
creation of technological devices and applications. Examples of these
applications include Facebook, Instagram, Snapchat etc. Artificial intelligence
is not necessarily negative because there are areas of application when
employed, makes work a better, and less stressful, experience.

IMPORTANCE

            What
would the world be like without the introduction of artificial intelligence to
it? A manufacturing company with no machines and robots, a school with no
management systems, a hospital with no machines to diagnose diseases and no
availability of a highly defined calculator to make complex calculations. The
world would have been totally different without artificial intelligence. The powers
and limits of these machines and their abilities to perform human thinking are
dependent upon the engineer’s insight into human intelligence and the creativity
of the human brain. Artificial intelligence has a lot of benefits like doing
tasks with greater precision and accuracy, labor-intensive jobs that are hard
or unattainable for humans, and one main benefit that separates humans from
artificial intelligence or machines in general is that machines or devices with
artificial intelligence do not contain emotions and they do not lie. Another
benefit of using artificial intelligence is that it makes less or no errors
because it follows the algorithms that it has been programmed with.

The key applications of
Artificial Intelligence are in any sector that involves more data than humans
can handle on our own, but which involves decisions simple enough that machines
can understand. Machines and applications are changing everything from
education to transportation, energy, finance, health and retail. Artificial
intelligence applications can provide personalized medicine and X-ray readings
in the health sector and makes managing patient information easier. In schools,
database management systems make it easier to manage the day-to-day activities
of schools. In retail, artificial intelligence provides online shopping capabilities
that offer personalized recommendations and discuss purchase options with the
consumer. In sports, artificial intelligence is used to snapshot images of game
play and feed coaches with team progress and reports on how to better organize
the team, with respect to field positions, tactics and strategy. Artificial
intelligence is also used to observe the share market for dubious trading activity
or assist with ground and air traffic control. They even help to keep spam out
of your inbox thus cybersecurity. And this is just the beginning for artificial
intelligence because as the technology advances, artificial intelligence also
improves.

 The main motive of artificial intelligence is
to supplement human intelligence. it is no overstatement to conclude that in
the future, most sectors of life and work as we presently know it will be impacted
by artificially intelligent technologies. This technology will help us make
more enlightened and knowledgeable decisions. As a means to preserve their
competitiveness, organizations feel the need to implement productivity
increasing systems like artificially intelligent machines and applications.
Examples of these technologies include cloud storage and computing which
companies are now adopting as a form of secondary storage in case of data loss
and as management methods respectively.

RISKS

            Artificial
Intelligence has made humans sluggish and weary, limiting our ability to think,
make complex decisions and perform basic tasks. Frequently asked questions by
youth especially millennials involve: How was the world like without artificial
intelligence? What would the world be like in two or three decades to come?
These questions frighten humans because experts speculate minimum opportunities
and employment in the future. There have been recent talks on major talk shows
like “TED Talk”, about how humans will lose their jobs to artificial
intelligence and advice for humans to embrace the implementation of these
machines but the question is; What would we have to do as humans to counter the
emergence of Artificial intelligence. Increasing reliance on artificial
intelligence is fueling the rapid automation of jobs, even jobs that would seem
to rely heavily on human intelligence, such as journalism and radiology. Humans
should find the need to update and upgrade ourselves too. Not only by way of
learning new programs and software but by exploring other ventures like in
management and entrepreneurship. If we handle this right, thus accepting and
embracing machines, this should actually be great news. We’re talking about a
lot more fortune for humans. Subsequently, there are definitely some jobs that
will be replaced by artificial intelligence, but we have to remember there are
a whole new set of jobs that are being created, and the way to understand why
that’s happening is that most jobs consist of lots of separate tasks. However, by dodging
artificial intelligence; in hope of making it without them or by making false and
meaningless hypothesis about its existence, we potentially make our worst-case
situation more likely, not less. We should also be as focused on understanding
human intelligence and innovation as these are the basic attributes that
distinguish us from artificial intelligence.

            Another
risk in using artificial intelligence is that, since these machines are being
created to think and act like humans, there could be flaws in their decision-making
process owing to algorithm being fed by humans and this could bring about
inaccuracy in data. This means that even though the machines themselves are
error-free, errors on the side of humans could make them inefficient. These
kinds of errors are known as bugs. Human bias could also affect the way these
machines work thus programmers programming machines with subjective intents
rather than a general opinion of how the machine should work. Ultimately,
machines could be hacked due machine learning and online features and data
could be compromised or inaccurate.

FUTURE
OF ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

         With recent developments in technology, we can
boldly say that the future looks even brighter for artificial intelligence.
With the introduction technologies like of driverless cars, electric cars, reversing
paralysis and gene therapy for curing hereditary disorders in the medical
sector, Practical quantum computers and hot solar cells to convert heat into
light, the world is in the age artificial intelligence and humans ought to
embrace the new age. In simple form, technology in general, and artificial
intelligence in particular will contribute enormously to a hugely changing
labor system. The rise of artificial intelligence will create new jobs, both
for people working directly with the new technologies and to meet increasing
requirements for training, re-training, and educational content development to
bring people up to speed. We hear about new developments in technology every
single day and It seems as though not a week passes without yet another
artificial intelligence system overcoming a groundbreaking situation or
outperforming humans.

For a fact, humans in
the future will be so dependent on artificial intelligence which most people
currently underestimate. Humans would be much more productive if we accept the
role of artificial intelligence in our world. Not everyone believes the rise of artificial
intelligence will be detrimental to humans. Some experts are convinced that the
rise technology has the potential to make our lives better while some also predict
that it could enhance our humanity.

CONCLUSION

            The best scenario to look at robots and it’s benefits and
risks is that; Even though machines are getting smarter and smarter than humans
day-by-day, humans are responsible for programming these machines with higher
level complex algorithms and again, humans control these machines. Most people
fear the rise of artificial intelligence due to rumors and fiction. Could there
be a day when our world would be solely controlled by robots? The answer to
this question and other strange ones is; No! Artificial intelligence is here to
makes humans better and enhance the way we live. We have to embrace, work with
it and find our way around it so that the notion of us losing jobs to machines
will be put to rest. In the immediate future and even now, artificial intelligence
is looking like the next big thing, with regards to developments in biometrics,
medical instruments, social media, inventions in driverless cars and even
electric cars. Humans could wake up in the year “2300” and won’t have to do any
work. We will just have to speak or wave to get tasks completed; Thanks to
artificial intelligence!