Throughout are equal to their leaders. Imperialism is often

Throughout history, many different approaches to structure society have been developed. Societies must have a balance between order and laws on one hand, and justice for all on the other hand. Justice is a subjective term so the definition may differ whether looking at the whole or at the individuals. Social justice, or fairness and protecting rights, is the key type of justice that governs society. Democracy is inherently designed to be just because the people in society have a say in who their leaders are and, in theory, are equal to their leaders. Imperialism is often an unjust form of society due to control exerted by an external country, often at the expense of those under the control. While there are challenges of structuring a society with a balance, for society to achieve both stability and individual justice, it can be organized in a way where everyone has equal opportunity.There are many aspects of justice, but in order to truly achieve it, everyone must have the same chances. There are four kinds of justice; restorative (healing wounds) restitution (giving back) retribution (punishment) and social justice. Social justice is about correcting the unfairness of society, preserving rights, and equally distributing resources. Social justice is a determining aspect of whether a society is just and embodies what a true just society looks like. One justice theory is utilitarianism, which is doing what is best for the majority over the individual. With this theory, individual rights can be lost when rules of society take over. Another justice theory is rights theory, which is about individual choice and protecting rights. This theory would allow people to do whatever they want and may lead to anarchy. Society must strike a balance between these theories so people are equal, but also have order, necessary to promote justice. During the French and American Revolutions, the people were fighting for equal opportunity. Prior to the French Revolution, during the Old Regime, the third estate did not have nearly the same opportunities as the first and second estates in terms of owning property and gaining profit. The commoners had to pay 100 percent of the country’s taxes to the government. Many felt they did not have the same opportunity due to their class to gain wealth, thus there was an unjust society which lead to the revolution. This revolution was influenced heavily by the successful revolution in America. After the separation from Britain, American leaders like Jefferson promoted justice in the new nation, where everyone could have equal opportunity for success and to be treated fairly.  The revolutions of both France and America, showed that in order to achieve justice in society, everyone must be given a fair opportunity.An example of a society where not everybody had equal opportunity was in Africa during the Imperialism period. European countries gathered together at the Berlin Conference in 1884 and at this meeting, divided up Africa among European nations without an African leader even present. This system did not allow for equal opportunity for rights and resources between the European and African nations. Along with the African land, the European nations took resources of the area including food, diamonds, oil, and even people. The outcome of African Imperialism helped Europe become rich, giving only them opportunities while Africa was left with no rights or resources. In conclusion, in order to achieve justice in society, there must be equal opportunity for all. Social justice is a determining factor in the fairness and equality of society. There must be a balance between the utilitarianism and rights theories of justice for a society to have individual choice, but also order. The French Revolution and African Imperialism have shown that without equal opportunities there cannot be a just society.  Thank you.